After installation, there are several things you may want to do.
You can do those either while still in the
chroot (when installing
from live media) or after your first boot.
Create a user
Immediately after installation, you will typically only have the
user. You should not be using
root as your regular user. Creating one
# useradd myuser
Set a password, so you can log in:
# passwd myuser
While at it, you might want to add your user to some groups. This is not strictly necessary. Some groups that might be useful:
wheelis the local administrator group
kvmwill let your user handle virtual machines
plugdevwill let you access removable devices where there is no other (e.g. policy-based) mechanism
videomight be necessary to access audio/video devices, but on most systems this is not necessary thanks to
To add your user to a group or groups:
# usermod -a -G wheel,kvm myuser
You should avoid adding your user to groups you do not strictly need.
Set a hostname
The system hostname is set by writing it into
simply do the following:
# echo chimera > /etc/hostname
You might want to add it to
/etc/hosts as well, as e.g.
will otherwise perform a blocking DNS lookup on early boot, slowing
# echo 127.0.0.1 chimera >> /etc/hosts # echo ::1 chimera >> /etc/hosts
Set your time zone
The time zones are in
/usr/share/zoneinfo. Setting the default time
zone is done by symlinking it to
/etc/localtime. For example, if
your time zone is
Europe/Prague, you can do the following:
# ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Prague /etc/localtime
By default, the hardware clock in Chimera is stored as UTC. Typically
this does not matter, but if you are e.g. dual booting with Windows,
which does not use UTC, this will result in a conflict. You can mitigate
this by making Chimera use
localtime (or you can make Windows use UTC).
If you want to adjust Chimera, you can do something like this:
# echo localtime > /etc/hwclock
You can explicitly set
utc in a similar manner if you wish.
Chimera uses the same
console-setup system as Debian. Most users
should not have any reason to change things, but if you want to tweak
things such as console keymap and font, you can tweak them in the same
There are two files that should be of interest:
/etc/default/console-setupconfigures the console (e.g. font)
/etc/default/keyboardconfigures the keyboard (e.g. keymap)
Both files have detailed man pages, see
man 5 console-setup as well
man 5 keyboard.